1. The long edges of the Buddhist and vegetarian
The bond is deeper Buddhist vegetarian for a long time. That bond was the precepts, the history, doctrine, means, etc. have been made from a variety of perspectives. The Bodhisattva sa third sippal based on the boundaries 'do not eat meat', the tenth series are "Do not arrange the tools to killing. And thirty-second commandment is "Do not harm the sentient beings' to look more actively interpret Buddhist views on diet becomes more evident. Because "trouble light" naohdeut 'is not as meat from non-life reputedly "This is because the' meat 'is not meant to be the premise painful life and cruel death of the animals. Since the "victory mouth Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra" Article 8 buddha in meat products in the killing because people are eating meat, eating meat, and soon asserted gyesinda same as killing. "Daehye over, killing every one, so also are usually people in order to eat, do not eat a man if you will not also work to kill. It is like killing to eat meat as a sin. "
Historically, Korea is also clear records for long Buddhist tradition and at the same time have a vegetarian."Samguksagi" Silla instrument beopheungwang side there comes a scene of the king prohibited the killing to all the people. "Forbade the killing off the spirit in beopheungwang 16 years (AD 529 years). (十六 年 下令 禁 殺生) "Naturally all the people of Silla is by lowering the Young King to prohibit the direct killing all the people to become vegetarians. This content was performed equally to former neighboring countries bleach, "Yusa" has been recorded hayeotdago offensive to Article 29 of the Baekje pope is catching fish and catching even the birds every prohibits the killing to former national organizations. "The name of the pope is also referred to as bleach No. 29 line (宣) or hyosun (孝順). Survey was crowned in '10 signs (599 years), a year down the jochik the winter ban the killing and to release the hawk sparrow hawk something nourishing in a private house, and abandoned and burned the fish catch mechanism has banned any to catch fish. "More The surprising fact is the influence of our country Vegetarian be delivered is far Japan, a century later, in AD 675 years, the first king of the denmu predator ban in Japan, when two kings 721 years Tensho down the car, killing laws. This firm consider vegetarian tradition in our country until the Mongol invasion, the Japanese are descended into modern times. The former is not a part of group of people at a national level as world-historical practice vegetarianism ve yet the Three Kingdoms era of Korea and Japan, except that which is possible by the Buddhist worldview is that of compassion and respect for life.
Yunhoeron and also as causal holistic perspective on the Buddhist vegetarian is clear. "Mahayana mouth Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra," saith the Lord Buddha to look after daehye mahasal as follows: "Daehye over, because there is not any meat hanryang all ties with you, Bodhisattva should not eat so rightly deserve for taking the mourning and compassion among them. (Omitted) daehye open, early on parents to constantly reincarnation among life and death, since ignoring any regeneration, siblings, men and women, household and go with friends and dear that, there was no enshrining this, not toothed beak, changed the life received the bodies of birds and beasts Take the midst of it, seeing how would eat that? Daehye over, look after mahasal is regarded observed for all sentient beings, but as himself, thought the meat, but would I eat straight out from among you all life? "" Trouble light "The Jizo mother a lot of growing up with a fish in his life This scene comes off as a result suffer in hell for eating akeop, of Jizo also offering utmost sincerity of his mother as a child in the next life has been short-lived species.
Time and space, in the context of contemporary philosophical aspects of Buddhism that emphasizes Convenient Method according to the situation and recommend a vegetarian diet. Global warming and the depletion of petroleum resources, including energy, water shortage, hunger due to food shortages, and financial bankruptcy due to the increase in healthcare costs is a matter which is directly related to the severity of the carnivore. For example, the amount appearing more often in the process of producing meat than the amount of global warming gas comes from vehicle exhaust, the main cause of hunger billion over the world is because the grain is wasted as livestock feed. As well as non-vegetarians heart disease is 29% compared to vegetarians, cancer is 1.4 times 2.2 times, and diabetes is increased by 90%.
As such it wateuna Buddhist interpretation of the various aspects of vegetarian nutrition and yet the human physiological and understanding of the importance of the vegetarian diet is rare in psychological aspects. Buddhism is a religion of enlightenment, maintain a healthy body and mind in the process of enlightenment will is important. In fact, Buddhism is observing the mind and body in a long tradition've been on the road to enlightenment was used effectively by them. Examine the future of Buddhist scriptures, but already there is a relationship between food and performing mention, either directly or indirectly. Eating food affects the nervous system by regulating the secretion of the hormone, but also be used as an energy source, which is influenced again in different states of the heart. Of course, it would not be mental and physical health is directly connects the path of enlightenment. But to understand and regulate the relationship between a healthy mind and body geotyigie near side 'wisdom of observation' towards enlightenment rather than a 'stick of discernment ", vegetarian and human physiology, and even if possible, is to find out the relationship to diet and heart It will also perform meaningful aspects of Buddhism.
In general, the human body as a single unified organism in physiology, nervous system and endocrine system costs the two organizations to regulate a whole. These two systems are closely connected to modern times, in which the mind and the interaction is also referred to as' the neuroendocrine system. In this article, we will deal with in relation to the psychological effects of cortisol (cortisol) and among various hormones testosterone and vegetarian, followed by a commentary to changes in the blood before and after the diet of the sophomore girls. And it will finish the mind and vegetarian, Buddhist practice and after examining the relationship between vegetarian by a brief introduction to what Iran must do the right diet article.
2. How do the hormones affect the body and mind
Small larvae are gathered to create a pole. When they have struggled with high olragaryeo pursuing each other, the winged butterfly and whispers flew in the air. How in heaven it is not said that. appearing on the scene is a fairy tale. Once the larvae are unprecedented, even humble view jinggeureopgo doing a certain period of time in the darkness of a small cocoon becomes a butterfly. At this time, it is kinky hormone that plays an important role. It was another example with a gill breathing tadpole frog in the water may be running around in the land, because the action of thyroid hormone. As such hormones may lead to large and small changes in the physiology and structure of the organisms because the hormone is moved to various cells give a signal to the gene. Starting to which genes are active waking sleep was by stimulation of hormones, and the other gene was actively works are stopped.This kind of switch of the human gene turned on and off by a single hormone may be in the hundreds. The human body contains a variety of hormones are there of who it is dealing mainly a lot of research is related to the heart, two in this article on these hormones, cortisol stress hormone (cortisol) and aggression hormone testosterone (testosterone).
The stress hormone cortisol is widely known as one people when under stress increases the secretion is increased by the inflammation caused by bacteria from entering the body. If the cortisol levels rise in the blood cortisol suppresses immune cells and a variety of hormones, including estrogen and growth hormone. If the concentration of cortisol and increased time is thin in a bacteria or virus entering the body can lead to immunodeficiency outside. The reason is usually cautious prescription of long-term steroid medication is mainly due to this.
Cortisol, which is increased in chronic gives an adverse effect to a human body in the metabolic system.The typical example is to stimulate the liver and cortisol in the body, blood glucose increased by the release of glucose into the blood. And chronic elevated blood sugar leads to diabetes status. Cortisol is also stimulate the stomach to make the mast cells are in a state of abdominal obesity by promoting the uptake of fatty acids. Disturbance of horeumongye also affects the state of mind. Depression and suicide, anxiety, loneliness is psychological states such as Oregon appeared with increased cortisol. Abnormal depression, anxiety, most of the patients in a state of abnormally high cortisol loneliness. As well as alcohol, medication, smoking addiction seem unusually high cortisol levels. 1995 alcohol among 10 018 respondents, according to the survey of psychiatric morbidity was conducted in the UK addict, nicotine addicts, drug addicts are depressed compared to normal subjects, phobias, panic disorder, anxiety, etc. smaller than many as five times in the 50% many. This interaction is shown well in Figure 1 on the following page. In other words, anxiety and depression 3, HPA-axis (cortisol) and drinking behaviors affecting each person receives. Interestingly, the second coming of California in 1960 the congregation mortality study with 1974 British Health Survey, 1978 vegetarians, according to the German Heidelberg research, including vegetarians and a study comparing the non-vegetarians smokers compared to non-vegetarians eat meat, drinking half was only 30%. Haebomyeon connect these two reports vegetarians may have lower incidence than non-vegetarians psychosis. Why this result is displayed? Cortisol is a steroid hormone, a steroid hormone ingredients are cholesterol. When there is a vegetarian diet cholesterol intake with food. Therefore, ARM, vegetarian diets are affecting the body's metabolism and the body's state of mind and its associated horeumongye by lowering cortisol levels?
Figure 1: Drinking, HPA axis, worry / triad of depression
3. When the mind is relaxed and happy vegetarian haejineunga
Disclaimers (Remer), etc. are 24-25 during the week, respectively Vegetarian targeting men three people of three women three people 31-49 years old normal diet (protein, 90g, fruits and vegetables 700g) → high-protein diet (protein, 120g, fruits, Vegetables 230g) → Yu Lan vegetarian diet (protein, 49g, vegetables 1610g) → usually performed in the order of their diet and how do you measure the cortisol in the blood before and after the change. For the accuracy of the experiment, they placed nine days in the middle distance without dietary restrictions whenever you change the diet. The amount of cortisol that is released into the results of their normal urine decreased drastically from one day to the 159nmol to a vegetarian diet which would mean 218nmol at a whopping 27% decline in standards.
However, that decrease cortisol seems rather it is simply made solely by reducing the cholesterol intake of meat. Rich in plant foods, especially estrogen-rich vegetable and legumes and pulses, sesame has been reported to inhibit plasma cortisol excess state by adjusting the body's genes. Duncan (Duncan) was ingested, such as the female hormone, one of the major isoflavones targeting 18 postmenopausal women with an average age of 56.9 years. Experimental results, the larger the amount of isoflavone intake, and as shown in the following Table 1 were lower cortisol levels in their blood. Cortisol does not mean all women consumed the isoflavones 495nmol / L but weight of 1g per 1Kg
[Table 1] The amounts in the amount of cortisol in the blood ingested isoflavone
Based on the amount of the ingested isoflavone (0g) 1g / kg body weight 2 g / kg body weight
Cortisol (nmol / L) 495.0 446.5 410.4
If you swallowed when the small isoflavones decreased to 446.5nmol / L isoflavone intake of 2g per weight 1Kg further lowered 410.4nmol / L was 17% with a decrease in the baseline. That is, the plant hormone isoflavones appear to have achieved a stabilization of the human body by inhibiting the secretion of cortisol in the normal range.
4. The word gentle subtle fragrance Roda
Like most social behavior are aggression (aggression) is controlled by a variety of social, biological factors.Results of Behavioral Endocrinology accumulation are growing announces certain important hormones regulate aggression. Reportedly a survey of various vertebrates, naturally eurona experimentally were prone aggressive behavior was increased when the levels of testosterone (testosterone). The investigation reportedly the target rodents as testosterone levels increase the competitive aggression between males at time of puberty when sharply higher, and artificially increase testosterone and aggression even when administered to rodents. These associations appear equally to men and 96 boys of testosterone, according to the survey, such as a study of ahyiren levels and aggression, and the flight had a correlation of the amount. And according to research, such as aluminum chairs (Aluja) a study of 30 healthy adult pathological finding stimulation (Sensation Seeking) had a correlation with the amount of testosterone levels. As well as high levels of physical and verbal violence of those who had seen the gun at the same time, high levels of testosterone. The sex hormone testosterone is synthesized from cholesterol.Therefore, would not be reduced through a vegetarian diet that contains a variety of plant hormones, like cortisol it does not consume meat?
Peter (Peter) and Ernest (Ernist) is focused on the relevance of higher cancer incidence and concentration of high levels of some hormones were evaluated in the prevention of a vegetarian diet, therapeutic possibilities. They are then to carry out the 11 men two weeks vegetarian diet, the concentration when blood between 5:00 to 4:00 p.m. and measuring the testosterone vegetarians are 373 ± compared with 553 ± 57ng / 100ml of non-vegetarians 33ng / 100ml was lower in this difference was statistically significant (see Figure 3).
Reduction of testosterone in accordance with the vegetarian diet was confirmed by the study, such as a CAS (Kaaks) targets menopausal women. They were focused on anticancer nutrients with a vegetarian diet, in particular the reduction of total fat, rich in Figure 3. Comparison of the testosterone concentrations of vegetarian and non-vegetarian groups Groups
One fiber and omega-3, cited the increased intake of omega-6 fatty acids and phytoestrogens. The researchers then divided into two groups for a total of 99 postmenopausal women randomly One group was fed a diet including vegetarian diet is usually the other groups of meat. The results showed in Table 5 as compared to all non-diet group As can be seen in the diet group testosterone and estradiol in female hormone levels are low, the difference was statistically significant. In particular, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is a non-vegetarian diet group was compared to an increase of 3.6% it had to reduce the possibility of human disturbance by the glass (free) hormone increased by 25.2% or not combined with SHBG.
[Table 2] The difference in sex hormone-binding globulin and testosterone of vegetarian and non-vegetarian
January whether the test items, vegetarian June variations p-value
Sex hormone-binding globulin
(50) 36.03 45.10 25.2% increase 0.0001
(49 people) 36.32 37.61 3.6% increase
(ng / ml) Vegetarian
(50) 0.41 0.33 0.004 18.3% decrease
(49 persons) decrease 0.42 0.39 6.4%
(pg / ml) Vegetarian
(50) 65 decreased 28.6% 0.0001
(49 persons) 10 10 8.2% decrease
(pg / ml) Vegetarian
(50) 0.23 0.17 0.05 23.4% decrease
(49 persons) decrease 0.22 0.22 6.8%
* P-value is believed that there is a statistically meaningful difference between the two groups is less than 0.05.
Such as testosterone and estradiol is insoluble in the blood because the fat-soluble water-soluble state. To solve this problem, after combining these hormones and proteins such as SHBG soluble in water in the canvass to get to a particular blood cells, it is passed. In other words, SHBG not only serves to carry the sex hormones in the blood, makes it also necessary to determine which cell. SHBG and therefore not bound glass (free) sex hormones in the state can act to go into any cell disrupt the normal regulation of the body. Most of the sex hormones are attending so in protein and a little over 1% of the combined hormonal state, but is a state could not be combined. However, when the glass state to the diet of sex hormone production in the unbound SHBG increases is reduced, thereby increasing the amount of meat.As you can see from Table 2 Glass (free) testosterone and free estradiol group is not a vegetarian by 8.2%, compared to 6.8% in the diet group reduced each whopping 28.6%, 23.4%, it was reduced. But the study of these hormones and diet have been conducted by Westerners that consume a lot of meat, Maybe it does not apply to an Asian country people? Interestingly, recent research in our country was the case.
5. vegetarian diet single case study
Last year, Winter 2010, one of the students of Seoul National University Department of Social Welfare looked out the effect of a vegetarian diet to target girls as part of a college sophomore social work field practicum. Participants in this program was a lot of weight compared to the key out in the vicinity of the boundary of obesity. So will this week try a vegetarian diet by invitation of the Mother of program participants.
Participants had the vegetarian week, the collected blood was measured before and after the several biochemical ingredients. The analysis request came to me about the numerical results change after a vegetarian, it was answered as follows:
TABLE 3 In (1) First of cortisol levels were reduced to 8.5㎍ / dL after the diet in the diet before 9.3㎍ / dL.Cortisol is known as the stress hormone and immune systems as too high when the immune system suppressing drug
Table 3 Changes in the diet in the blood biochemical markers before and after conducted for one week
(21 years old female)
(pH) and total protein
(g / dL) triglyceride
(mg / dL) glucose
(mg / dL) ACTH
(pg / mL)
Vegetarian Version 5.0 98 7.6 76 22.8
Vegetarian and 5.5 7.6 44 15.1 78
0.5 55% increase in the same amount of change decreased 2% decrease 34%
(㎍ / dL) growth hormone
(ng / mL) estrogen
(pg / mL) DHEA-S
(㎍ / dL) of testosterone
(ng / mL)
Vegetarian ago 326 115.7 9.3 0.07 0.58
Vegetarian and 107.2 8.5 3.15 0.31 219
Delta 9% reduction in 44-fold increase 7% decline decreased 33% decrease 47%
When total cholesterol
(mg / dL) HDL Cholesterol
(mg / dL) LDL Cholesterol
(mg / dL)
Vegetarian ago 145 52 85
Vegetarian and then 107 53 57
Delta 1% increase 26% decrease 32% decrease
It becomes. In addition, cortisol secretion and decreased as the normal current to suppress other hormones seem desirable. ACTH stimulates the secretion of cortisol also decreases the tendency seems to match the reduction in cortisol levels.
(2) The amount of total cholesterol was reduced by 26% 107mg / dL from 145 mg / dL. The LDL- cholesterol is commonly known as bad cholesterol, which causes cardiovascular disease, dementia, diabetes, gallstones, such as cholesterol, while the HDL- cholesterol, known as good cholesterol, decreased to 57mg / dL at 85mg / dL showed no significant change. In addition, more than 55% it decreased by 44mg / dL in neutral geologic maps 98mg / dL. This can cause abdominal obesity and lipid changes seen greatly reduced had made good condition to human health.
(3) cholesterol is used as a precursor (raw materials) of DHEAS, DHEAS are used as a precursor (estrogen and testosterone) in sex hormones decreased to 219㎍ / dL in 326㎍ / dL. This tends to match the reduction in total cholesterol and LDL- cholesterol. DHEAS is reduced with increasing age but practically it is important that the reduction of cortisol / DHEAS ratio. That is, if the ratio is decreased immune system activity increases, prevention of metabolic syndrome, depression, improvement is advantageous in a number of areas.
(4) In the female hormone estradiol levels were reduced in the 115.7pg / mL in 107.2pg / mL estradiol prior to menopause are high, it can cause this reduction tends to promote a number of cancers such as breast cancer is desirable see.
(5) The growth hormone is increased to 3.15ng / mL at 0.07ng / mL is highly preferred. Increase of growth hormone on growth hormone deficiency counting very similar to the symptoms of metabolic syndrome may be seen as a reduction in the likelihood of metabolic syndrome.
(6) pH of blood were increased to from 5.5 to 5.0, which means the alkalizing of the body. Though not investigated in this experiment would Calcium content also increases. That is, alkalinizing the blood within the normal range in such a preventive of osteoporosis is preferred. Because the more blood is acidic because osteoporosis becomes deep.
7, blood glucose levels in the normal range and no action is little difference between before and after the diet with 78 mg / dL at 76 mg / dL.
(8) The total amount of protein is reduced to a protein in the body even after the vegetarian diet with no change at all in about 7.6g / dL are invisible. In other words, Vegetarian due to protein deficiency was not a problem at all.
(9) testosterone is decreased by a whopping 47% of 0.31ng / mL at 0.58ng / mL. Reduction of the testosterone is depressed, and the excess is more than the increase in libido, increased aggression, baldness, hirsutism because it is known as a cause of reduction in the normal range, it is advantageous to look to human health.
Participants said to jyeotdago to mind lightweight feel refreshed after one week vegetarian. And especially weight loss and was also disappear fear of obesity seemed like this would not be hayeoseo compelled to decrease body fat. Confidence and love for the family in daily life also seems bigger. These positive psychological change is a common phenomenon that appears from these vegetarian. As well as from eolgulsaek it will be opened to a vegetarian diet, many people who jyeotdago mind and peace. Perhaps depression is associated with reduced cortisol through a vegetarian diet, anxiety, loneliness is reduced, and wonder because of the reduction of testosterone concentration is associated with decreased aggression?With susceptible to a vegetarian diet for the preciousness of life unlike earlier this looks increasingly compelled mind often live greener been meeting for a minute this would be an interesting research topic.Eating and mind seems to have a deep causality. So it is curious to eat on the journey of enlightenment and wonder what the alternative role.
6. vegetarian spot in my heart - understanding through yusikhak