What’s in America’s New Dietary Guidelines—and What’s Not > 채식뉴스

본문 바로가기

접속자집계

오늘
19
전체
160,709
TEL:02-3789-7891
사이트 내 전체검색

Home > 월간채식물결 > 채식뉴스
채식뉴스

What’s in America’s New Dietary Guidelines—and What’s Not

작성자 채식영양
작성일 16-08-17 07:52 | 조회 370 | 댓글 0

본문

http://theplate.nationalgeographic.com/2016/01/07/whats-in-americas-new-dietary-guidelines-and-whats-not/ 

 

Photograph by Hanneli Lahti, NG Creative

PHOTOGRAPH BY HANNELI LAHTI, NG CREATIVE
JANUARY 7, 2016

What’s in America’s New Dietary Guidelines—and What’s Not

The 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, published in final form today, are less likely to be remembered for what they say than for what they don’t say.

As we’ve reported, bitter battles have been fought over whether the guidelines should specifically recommend less red meat (there’s a general nod toward less meat) or acknowledge the impact of food production on the environment, which was stripped out of earlier drafts.

But what the guidelines do say—eat more vegetables, eat a variety of nutrient-dense foods, and limit sugar and salt for a healthier life—should not be swept aside in the uproar over what got left out.

“By focusing on small shifts in what we eat and drink, eating healthy becomes more manageable,” says U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Sylvia Burwell, who released the guidelines today, along with the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Indeed, agrees Julie Miller Jones, a nutrition professor in the Department of Family, Consumer and Nutritional Sciences at St. Catherine University in St. Paul, Minnesota.

Miller Jones, who is also a spokeswoman for the Grain Foods Foundation, says, as a population, we tend to “whipsaw” between dietary fads. “First fat is bad, then it’s carbs, now it’s sugar … The vilification of a particular nutrient— that’s silly. If I only ate carrots, that would be a bad diet.”

“What’s good is the dietary mixture,” Miller Jones tells The Plate. The guidelines, which come out only every five years, have increasingly moved toward encouraging healthy eating patterns rather than prescribing a certain amount of nutrients, she says, which is something people can understand.

“For many people, the minute you talk about something with a chemical name, even potassium, their eyes glaze over,” she says. “If you say, ‘Eat more leafy greens,’ they get it.”

There are other benefits to following the guidelines, as U.S. schools and institutions are required to do.

“The Dietary Guidelines provide science-based recommendations on food and nutrition so people can make decisions that may help keep their weight under control and prevent chronic conditions, like Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease,” Burwell said in a statement.

Reigning in chronic conditions associated with carrying around excess weight is a major goal for the many countries that struggle with paying for health care. Americans lose a billion dollars a day in health and productivity costs related to heart disease, says the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Foundation, and more than a third of Americans are obese, while nearly two-thirds are overweight.

But these challenges aren’t limited to America. Nearly 40 percent of adults worldwide are overweight, and 13 percent are obese, says the World Health Organization.

And at the same time, while many of us are eating more calories than we need, there are still major problems of malnutrition. (See Why Micronutrients are a Macro Problem.)

So what else do these guidelines say?

They call on us to eat more fish, avocado, and nuts, which contain “healthy” fats. This may help the Kind bar company in its quest to get the Food and Drug Administration to update its rules on food labels. (See So What Do “Natural” and “Healthy” Really Mean on a Food Label?)

And as emerging dietary science has shown that eggs are not as bad as we thought, the dangers of dietary cholesterol are not as prominently discussed as they were in previous guidelines. Still, specific language suggests adult and teen males “reduce overall intake of protein foods by decreasing intakes of meats, poultry, and eggs and increasing amounts of vegetables or other underconsumed food groups.”

Sugar and saturated fat are still singled out for reduced consumption—less than 10 percent of daily calories—a move praised by the Center for Science in the Public Interest’s Michael Jacobson. For most Americans, that means cutting half of our intake of sugary treats and drinks.

Obviously, these problems are not limited to the U.S. population. In fact, while the U.S. may have been among the first to issue dietary guidelines back in the 1970s, many other countries and global entities have copied it in recent decades.

The advice they offer is surprisingly similar and has remained fairly consistent over the years, Miller Jones notes. But the big challenge remains—how to get people to follow it.

“If Americans ate according to that advice, it would be a huge win for the public’s health,” says CSPI’s Jacobsen. “The problem is that the food industry has continued to pressure and tempt us to eat a diet of burgers, pizzas, burritos, cookies, doughnuts, sodas, shakes, and other foods loaded with white flour, red and processed meat, salt, saturated fat, and added sugars, and not enough vegetables, fruit, and whole grains.”

He urges policymakers to, among other things, limit sodium levels in packaged foods, stop junk-food marketing to children, and provide people on food assistance with discounts for buying fresh produce. 

0
  • 페이스북으로 보내기
  • 트위터로 보내기
  • 구글플러스로 보내기

댓글목록 0

등록된 댓글이 없습니다.

Total 30
채식뉴스 목록
번호 제목 글쓴이 날짜 조회 추천
15 텍스트 [마이더스] 육식의 미래… ‘대체육류’가 대세 된다 채식영양 08-07 325 0
14 텍스트 포르투갈, 국가가 채식을 권리로 보장하다 채식영양 06-11 495 0
13 텍스트 [건강다이제스트] 채식의 치유원리에 대한 안내서 '채식치유학' 채식영양 06-11 390 0
12 텍스트 [금강신문] 채식 ‘치유효과’에 대한 보고서 채식영양 06-11 338 0
11 텍스트 '채식의 날' 운영 학교 전북 올해 105곳으로 늘어 채식영양 05-11 298 0
10 텍스트 채식치유학 2판이 새로 나왔습니다. 채식영양 04-28 322 0
9 텍스트 전세계인이 채식으로 식단을 바꾼다면? 채식영양 12-30 351 0
8 텍스트 육류 섭취 제한 지침을 발표한 ‘네덜란드 영양센터’ 채식영양 08-17 397 0
열람중 텍스트 What’s in America’s New Dietary Guidelines—and What’s Not 채식영양 08-17 371 0
6 텍스트 유럽 비건푸드 마켓셰어..독일ㆍ영국ㆍ프랑스ㆍ이탈리아 順 채식영양 07-23 654 0
5 텍스트 전북 96개 학교·유치원서 매주 1회 '채식의 날' 운영 채식영양 06-08 442 0
4 텍스트 英 채식인, 10년 간 360% 늘었다 채식영양 06-08 452 0
3 텍스트 채식 주의 보디 빌더의 승리 채식영양 05-16 534 0
2 텍스트 채식물결 토요강좌: 과학과 초월의 길목에서 채식영양 03-01 558 0
1 텍스트 2016년 1학기: 채식메디푸드학 (총15강좌)-요리실습포함 채식영양 02-29 604 0
게시물 검색

한국채식정보. 대표:이광조ㅣsoypaper@hanmail.netㅣ대표전화: 02-3789-7891ㅣ서울시 용산구 갈월동 56-5. 일심빌딩 203호